Home       Top Rated       Submit Article     Advanced Search     FAQ       Contact Us       Lawyers in India       Law Forum     RSS Feeds     

Register your Copyright Online

We offer copyright registration right from your desktop click here for details.

Latest Articles | Articles 2014 | Articles 2013 | Articles 2012 | Articles 2011 | Articles 2010 | Articles 2009 | Articles 2008 | Articles 2007 | Articles 2006 | Articles 2000-05

Search On:Laws in IndiaLawyers Search

Mutual Consent Divorce in Delhi
We provide fast, cost effective and Hassle free solution.
Contact us at Ph no: 9650499965 (Divorce Law Firm Delhi)

E-mail login                       Password
     

Free Email Sign Up

Main Categories
 Accident Law
 Arbitration
 Aviation Law
 Banking and Finance laws
 Case Laws
 Civil Laws
 Company Law
 Constitutional Law
 Consumer laws
 Contracts laws
 Criminal law
 Drug laws
 Dubai laws
 Educational laws
 Employment / Labour laws
 Environmental Law
 family law
 Gay laws and Third Gender
 Human Rights laws
 Immigration laws
 Insurance / Accident Claim
 Intellectual Property
 International Law
 Juvenile Laws
 Law - lawyers & legal Profession
 Legal Aid and Lok Adalat
 Legal outsourcing
 Media laws
 Medico legal
 Miscellaneous
 Real estate laws
 Right To Information
 Tax Laws
 Torts Law
 Woman Issues
 Workplace Equality & Non-Discrimination
 Yet Another Category

More Options
 Most read articles
 Most rated articles

Subscription
Subscribe now and receive free articles and updates instantly.

Name
Email



Copyright Registration

To Copyright Your Books, Videos, Songs, Scripts etc
Call us at: 9891244487 / or email at: admin@legalserviceindia.com
Top Law Colleges

Law Updates:

# Income-Tax
# Family law
# Company Law
# Constitutional Law
# Partnership firms
# Immigration Law
# Cyber Law
# Lok Adalat, legal Aid & PIL
# Forms
# Trademarks
# Woman issues
# Medico Legal
# Consumer laws
# Criminal laws
# Supreme Court Judgments


Published : September 15, 2011 | Author : bharatcharan
Category : Cyber Law | Total Views : 4274 | Rating :

  
bharatcharan
I am Bharat Charan, a fianl year student of B.A.LL.B(Five year integrated course)Of Army Institute of Law,Mohali. I am interested in the areas of Business Laws,Intellectual Property Laws and Labour Laws.
 

Importance of Open Source Software for better E-Governance

Open Source Software
Open source software is computer software. It is very often developed in a public, collaborative manner. Open source software is the most prominent example of open source development and often compared to user-generated content or open content movements.

Open source software means the source code of the software is open for viewing and editing. The users have the freedom to edit the source code, rename it and use it the way they wish. This is contrary to proprietary software, which does not allow the buyers/users to look at the source code.

The Software consists of two parts namely;
· Source code; and
· Object code.

Source Code
Nowadays, computer programs are written in high level computer languages using compact English words. This can be understood by humans only and not by computers. This is known as the source code.

Ordinarily, Source code is not disclosed wholly. It is disclosed partially and it is not available on internet. The Source code can be licenced but that too only to use a particular work. The important thing is that it is not free at all. It is proprietary software. One has to pay a large sum of money to buy it and then only can use it the way one wish. But the open source software provides source code free of cost and the person can use it or modify without going through any formality.

Protection of Source Code
Source code is a kind of description. Copyright lies in the description and source code of a computer program being description is a literary work within the meaning of the Copyright Act. If it is not published then it is protected as a trade secret. In case it is published then it is protected as a copyright and it may also be protected as a patent.

Object Code
The languages also have a program called compiler and with its help, source code is compiled into the language that computers can understand. This is called the object called or a machine code. This runs the computer or any application therein. In a general sense object code is a sequence of statements in a computer language, usually a machine code language.

Generally, this software is not open for public domain but by its nature of being open software, they are freely available for public in public domain.

Protection of Object Code
There was some debate as to how the object code protected but Article 11 of the TRIPS mandates its members to provide authors with the right to authorise or to prohibit commercial rental of at least computer programs and cinematographic works. This has also been provided under Section 14(b) of the Copyright Act and now in our country also it is protected as copyright.

Copyleft Software
Copyleft is a play on the word copyright to describe the practice of using copyright law to offer the right to distribute copies and modified versions of a work and requiring that the same rights be preserved in modified versions of the work. In other words, copyleft is a general method for making a program free, and requiring all modified and extended versions of the program to be free as well.

General Public Licence
The GNU General Public License is the most widely used free software license. The GPL is the first copyleft license for general use, which means that derived works can only be distributed under the same license terms. Under this philosophy, the GPL grants the recipients of a computer program the rights of the free software definition and uses copyleft to ensure the freedoms are preserved, even when the work is changed or added.

How to make program free Software
The simplest way to make program free software is to put it in the public domain. This allows people to share the program and their improvements, if they are so minded. Anyone can download program by such sites where no description of payment is made.

Hurdles in making a program free Software
It allows uncooperative people to convert the program into proprietary software. They can make changes, many or few, and distribute the result as a proprietary product. People who receive the program in that modified form do not have the freedom that the original author gave them; the middleman has stripped it away.

Program free software has the following conditions;
· The software is royalty free and no fee is charged for the same;
· The source code is disclosed;
· There is freedom to modify the software; and
· Anyone who redistributes the software, with or without changes, must pass along similar freedoms to others.

Advantages of Open Source Software
Open source software is flooded with so many advantages. There are few of them mentioned below:
· No Copyright infringement: Open Source Software (OSS) is free and open for everyone to use it in any manner except contrary to any law for the time being in force and it can be modified. Accordingly there is no Copyright in Open Source Software; therefore there will be no infringement in relation to Copyright.

· Lesser cost: Open Source Software (OSS) is royalty free; it does not cost anything. The only cost is for services or support for the same. The cost reduction has an impact on the proprietary software too. In order to be competitive, their cost is being reduced.

· Service sector: Adoption of Open Source software (OSS) may open new jobs in the service sector.

· Customise software: The Open Source Software gives its users to right to use the software in any way. It combines with redistribution rights, which helps in turn to build up a market for support and customization of the software, which can only attract more and more developers to work in the project. This in turn helps to improve the quality of the product, and to improve its functionality.

· Avoids IPR: It does not create intellectual property right in the Software because it is open for public domain. Therefore it avoids IPR.

· Different licences not required: Licence is granted to do only particular work, for a different work, different licence has to be made but for using software from open source there is no need for any kind of different licence to do different kind of works.

Importance of Open Source Software in better E-Governance
Open Source Software helps in the betterment of the E-Governance as they are free and easily available without getting into any formality. There are some advantages which help one’s E-governance. These are as follow below:

· Economic: India spends a large amount of money on personal computers and proprietary software like Microsoft office, Windows XP etc, whereas these software are free like linux etc, and therefore it helps in countries economy.

· Localisation Support: Localisation play a major role in adoption, as government can use technology to communicate to citizens in their own language. For example, Red hat Enterprise Linux Desktop is available in 11 Indian languages.

· Powering E-Governance: In the area of E-Governance, the Government spending on software development can be made more efficient if it adopts the open source model that promotes the sharing of software code. Government departments across different states have the same requirements and instead of each government department developing separate programs for the same task, they could share the same code base and make minor changes to suit the needs of the each state.

· Better Security: E-governance software uses Citizens personal data, it need more protection and security and the same is provided by the Open Source Software as the source can be evaluated and fixed by open source community and the system vulnerabilities often discovered by the community itself not by hackers.

· Independence from Western Countries: Open Source Software can make our Country independent from Western Countries. We do not need to depend on their software companies as by open source we can download, modify and use it the way we want without paying any penny for all these purposes.

Critical Analysis
Open Source Software is booming software which provides free software without any hurdle in the process of using it and no doubt it is helping in the overall development of any Countries Government. It is cost effective which is obviously affecting one’s Country in positive way. However, it can be misused by corrupt people. They can turn it into proprietary software for their interest, mostly, monetary interest. There is lack of proper policy which can regulate it and keep check on it so no one can misuse it.

This is not well known Software. There are large number of people who are still not aware of it. There should be proper advertisement to make aware all those who are still not ware of its benefit and advantages.

Authors contact info - articles The  author can be reached at: bharatcharan@legalserviceindia.com




1 2 3 4 5
Rate this article!     Poor
Excellent    

Most viewed articles in Cyber Law category
Offences & Penalties under the IT Act, 2000
Online Copyright Infringement & Liability of Search Engines
Issue of Jurisdiction in Combating Cyber Crimes: Issues and Challenges Pornography and Indian Jurisdiction
Cyber Torts
Email Privacy & Anti-spam Law
Software Licensing Agreement
White Collar Crimes - cyber crimes
Cyber Forensics & Electronic Evidences: Challenges In Enforcement & Their Admissibility
Historical Perspective of Terrorism & Cyber Terrorism
Electronic Signature: Legal and Technical aspect
Prevention of Cyber Crime
Cyber Crime - Issues Threats and Management
Telecommunication laws in India and its drawbacks
Cyber Terrorism - Quick glance
Keyword Trademark Infringement - A Countrywise Analysis
Perspective of Information Technology
Most recent articles in Cyber Law category
E-Evidence in India
Cyber Jurisprudence An Internalisation In Indian Matrix
A study of Formation and challenges of electronic contract in cyberspace
Electronic Signature: Legal and Technical aspect
Proposed Amendments Affecting Transmission Service Provider
Cybersquatting and Domain Names
Right to Privacy and Social Networking Websites
Data Privacy And Cyber Security Policies Shaping The Legal Outsourcing Landscapes In India
Telecommunication laws in India and its drawbacks
A Clarion Call To BPOs In India
Social Media Governance In India
Prevention of Cyber Crime
Issue of Jurisdiction in Combating Cyber Crimes: Issues and Challenges Pornography and Indian Jurisdiction
Cyber Crime: Default in success of conviction due to lack of jurisdiction
Cyber Offences - A Technological Termite
Cyber Terrorism - Quick glance

Article Comments

Posted by Mukund Bhide on June 01, 2012
pls indicate if booking a domain name & server on behalf of client can
amount to cybercrime if the client is corporate entity and the person
who books does the booking in personal name.does it amount to
infringement of client rights.

Post Your Comments
Name

Email

Your comments

Note : Your email address is only visible to admin, other members / users cannot see it.

You can use following FXCodes


BOLD : [b]
Italic : [i]

[b] Legal Services India [/b] is a [i]nice website[/i].
[url= http://www.legalservicesindia.com/article/ ]click here to visit.[/url]

Legal Services India is a nice website.
Click here to visit

 

Note : Currently, user comments are moderated and will be posted only after approval.



Welcome!
Please login or register a new free account.

Random Pick
The basis of providing reservation is giving proportionate opportunities to the people of Scheduled Castes, Schedule Tribes and other backward classes.The reservation is intended to aggrandize the social diversity in campuses and workplaces...

Statistics
» Total Articles
1373
» Total Authors
3981
» Total Views
15482795
» Total categories
40

Law Forum


Legal Articles

Lawyers in India- Click on a link below for legal Services

lawyers in Chennai
lawyers in Bangalore
lawyers in Hyderabad
lawyers in Cochin
lawyers in Pondicherry
lawyers in Guwahati
lawyers in Nashik

lawyers in Jaipur
lawyers in New Delhi
lawyers in Dimapur
lawyers in Agra
Noida lawyers
lawyers in Siliguri

For Mutual consent Divorce in Delhi

Ph no: 9650499965
For online Copyright Registration

Ph no: 9891244487
Law Articles

lawyers in Delhi
lawyers in Chandigarh
lawyers in Allahabad
lawyers in Lucknow
lawyers in Jodhpur
Faridabad lawyers

lawyers in Mumbai
lawyers in Pune
lawyers in Nagpur
lawyers in Ahmedabad
lawyers in Surat
Ghaziabad lawyers

lawyers in Kolkata
lawyers in Janjgir
lawyers in Rajkot
lawyers in Indore
lawyers in Ludhiana
Gurgaon lawyers

TOP

India's Most Trusted Online law library
Legal Services India is Copyrighted under the Registrar of Copyright Act ( Govt of India) 2000-2016
 ISBN No: 978-81-928510-1-3