Procedure for Establishment of a LLP
STEP - I
Decide on the Partners and the Designated Partners
A LLP can be incorporated with a minimum of at least two partners who can be Individuals or Body Corporate through their nominees. Further for incorporating an LLP, of the total number no. of partners, at least two shall be Designated Partners, of which at least one must be an Indian Resident.
Parameters for deciding the Partners and Designated Partners:
# Atleast Two Partners; Individuals or Body Corporate through individual nominees.
# Minimum of Two Individuals as Designated Partners, of total no. of Partners.
# Atleast One Designated Partner to be Resident Indian.
A person ‘Resident in India’ means a person who has stayed in India for a period of not less than one hundred and eighty two days during the immediately preceding one year.
‘Designated Partner’ means a partner who is designated as such in the incorporation documents or who become a designated partner by and in accordance with the Limited Liability Partnership Agreement
STEP – II
Obtain Designated Partner Identification Number (DPIN) and a digital signature certificate
DPIN is an eight digit numeric number allotted by the Central Government in order to identify a particular partner and can be obtained by making an online application in eForm 7 to Central Government and submitting the physical application along with necessary identity and Address proof of the person applying with prescribed fees.
STEP – III
Decide on the name of the LLP and check whether it is available.
The next step is to decide the name for the proposed LLP to be incorporated, anyone intending to incorporate an LLP has to evaluate his proposed name under the prescribed parameters and make an application in Form 1of Rule 18(5) of the Limited Liability Partnership Act 2008, for reservation of the desired name. The name of the limited liability partnership shall not be similar or identical with Company or LLP already registered in India and it should not contain words prohibited under the law.
STEP – IV
Draft the LLP agreement
The next step is drafting of Limited Liability Partnership Agreement governing the mutual rights and obligation of the partners and among the LLP and its partners.
The basic contents of Agreement are:
# Name of LLP
# Name of Partners & Designated Partners
# Form of contribution
# Profit Sharing ratio
# Rights & Duties of Partners
# Proposed Business
# Rules for governing the LLP
# The Agreement can be drafted before or after Incorporation of the LLP
STEP – V
File the LLP Agreement, incorporation documents
Next is the filing of Incorporation documents, consent of Partners and declaration electronically through the medium of e-forms prescribed with the Registrar of LLP for incorporation of the LLP on payment of prescribed fees based on the total monetary value of contribution of partners in the proposed LLP.
eForm 2: Incorporation Document
This is an informative document setting down the details of LLP, its Partners including designated partners along with their amount of contribution and consent for forming a Limited Liability Partnership to carry on a lawful business with profit motive along with declaration stating that all the requirements of Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008 regarding incorporation of LLP in India have been complied with.
eForm 3: Details of LLP Agreement
This form provides for the necessary information in respect to the LLP Agreement entered into between the partners.
eForm 4: Consent of Partners Consent of each partner to become a partner of Limited Liability Partnership along with their address and identity proof to be filed with the Registrar of Companies.
Subscription Sheet: Just like in case of Company formation, the partners are required to subscribe their names along with signatures to the subscription sheet, which shall be witnessed by any chartered Accountant/Company Secretary/Advocate in practice.
eForm 3 & 4 are required to filed within 30 days of the incorporation
STEP – VI
Obtain the Certificate of Incorporation
After the Registrar is satisfied that all the formalities with respect to the incorporation has been complied, he will issue a Certificate of Incorporation as to formation of the LLP within maximum of 14 days from date of filing of documents . The Certificate of Incorporation issued shall be the conclusive evidence of formation of the LLP.
The author can be reached at: firstname.lastname@example.org