Home       Top Rated       Submit Article     Advanced Search     FAQ       Contact Us       Lawyers in India       Law Forum     RSS Feeds     

Register your Copyright Online

We offer copyright registration right from your desktop click here for details.

Latest Articles | Articles 2014 | Articles 2013 | Articles 2012 | Articles 2011 | Articles 2010 | Articles 2009 | Articles 2008 | Articles 2007 | Articles 2006 | Articles 2000-05

Search On:Laws in IndiaLawyers Search

Mutual Consent Divorce in Delhi
We provide fast, cost effective and Hassle free solution.
Contact us at Ph no: 9650499965 (Divorce Law Firm Delhi)
File Caveat in Supreme Court
Contact Ph no: +9650499965

Main Categories
 Accident Law
 Animal Laws
 Aviation Law
 Bangladesh Law
 Banking and Finance laws
 Case Laws
 Civil Laws
 Company Law
 Constitutional Law
 Consumer laws
 Contracts laws
 Criminal law
 Drug laws
 Dubai laws
 Educational laws
 Employment / Labour laws
 Environmental Law
 family law
 Gay laws and Third Gender
 Human Rights laws
 Immigration laws
 Insurance / Accident Claim
 Intellectual Property
 International Law
 Juvenile Laws
 Law - lawyers & legal Profession
 Legal Aid and Lok Adalat
 Legal outsourcing
 Media laws
 Medico legal
 Real estate laws
 Right To Information
 Tax Laws
 Torts Law
 Woman Issues
 Workplace Equality & Non-Discrimination
 Yet Another Category

More Options
 Most read articles
 Most rated articles

Subscribe now and receive free articles and updates instantly.


Published : August 24, 2014 | Author : swativyas
Category : Woman Issues | Total Views : 8236 | Rating :

I am Swati Vyas. I hail from Jaipur (Rajasthan) and a Law graduate (B.A LL.B Hons. five year law college, university of rajasthan jaipur). Presently pursuing LL.M. from Department of Law, Rajasthan University, Jaipur

Status of Women in Free India

Rightly did Swami Vivekanand say, 'Just as a bird can not fly with one wing only, a Nation can not march forward if the women are left behind'.

Men and women are the two holes of a perfect whole. Strength is borne of their union their separation results in weakness. Each has what the other does not have. Each completes the other, and is completed by other. Etymologically, the word 'woman' mean - half of man. The relation of the male and female is very well illustrated in our Nyaya Darshan by the analogy of mind and matter, which means that man and woman are closely associated with each other, as the soul and body. Therefore the women ought to be respected.

According to Hindu Mythology it is wisely said, Meaning thereby 'God lives' where women are respected. Among the Four yugas,


had all the four pillars of Dharma and its history reveals that women then enjoyed a privileged position. They were, treated as better halves as - 'Graha Lakshmi'. There were no bar of veil system. Equivalent to men they used to participate wisely in the religious debates in the vedic era.


Then, with the advent of Tretayug, which had only 3 pillars of Dharma left and therefore the world witnessed the abduction of Sita, which resulted in tragic end of Ravana.


In Dwaparyug when Draupadi was publicly disrobed, it resulted in the world's biggest war of 'Mahabharat', it shows that slowly and steadily there were only a pillars of Dharma remained.


Finally, in the present era of Kalyug, the world is surviving only on the one pillar of Dharma and therefore the position of women has deteriorated from bad to worst. Then, during the Muslim rule, women were deprived of all their rights of equality. They became the object of lust and enjoyment. Muslim rulers had 'Harum' in their palaces. Afterwards, Hindu rulers followed the suit . In the wake of British Empire in India, a considerable change was felt. They threw up the pardha system and induced the Indian women to come forward. Thee were Catena of legislations passed by the Britishers through which a woman got liberty or ameliorations. Sati Pratha abolition Act, 1889, Hindu widow remarriage Act, 1929, Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929, Hindu women right to property act, 1937 were some of the examples from pre-constitutional era. With the spread of education, women began to realize their role in the national movement and reconstruction of New India.

Not only the Britishers but also Indian freedom fighters tried a lot for women empowerment. The contribution of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Dayanand Saraswati, Mahatma Gandi, Annie Besant, Rani Lakshmi Bai, Swami Vivekanand and cannot be forgotten. Gandhiji once truly said 'when you educate a man you educate a family and when you educate a woman you educate whole nation or society'.

In the post independence era, the bundle of rights, immunities, privileges are conferred upon Indian women. All the three organs of State fully contributed in strengthening the status of women.

Legislative passed many Act, Statutes like:
Protection from domestic violence act, 2005
# Hindu marriage act, 1955.
# Hindu succession act, 1956.
# Hindu adoption and maintenance act, 1956.
# Indian penal code, 1961.
# The Dowry prohibition Act, 1961.
# The medical termination of pregnancy act, 1971.
# Protection of women against sexual harassment at work place bill, 2010. etc.

These acts conferred bundle of rights like protection from any domestic violence, maintenance rights, dowery prohibition, protection from sexual harassment at workplace, maternity leave benefits, inheritance rights and many more.

Apart from the above, Our Grand norm i.e. constitution of India by inserting the articles like Article 15(3), 23, 24, 39(a), 39(d), 39(c), 42, 45, 51(a), 243D, which expressly talk about special provision for women and their protection. These provisions crystal clearly show that our legislative is Gender sensitive. Presently after the Verma Committee Report (2013) women are being provided protection from henious offences like - Rape, Voyeurism, Stalking, Disrobe in public, gang rapes etc., by passing a New law and making amendments in the year 2013.

On the legal front, Our vibrant Judiciary too delivered historic judgement of – Vishaka V/s State of Rajasthan ; which laid down guidelines for no sexual harassment at workplace against women. Also in the locus classics of - Chandrika Das's case, the apex court awarded examplary compensation to rape victim. The list is endless.

Notwithstanding these efforts from all corners, today as per the recent report of 2013 on "Crime Against women" by –Lok Sabha secretariat National Crime Records Bureau (2013) started the nation stating- Over 32000 murders, 19000 rapes, 7500 dowry deaths, 36500 molestation cases have been reported in the last year. There are many which are still unreported. The incident of Delhi Gang Rape on 16th Dec., 2013 by 6 boys was of the biggest shame for Indians.

At once, all 3 organs of state, failed when the girl died just because of lust of boys and their enjoyment. Witnessing such brutal crimes against women it has been aptcy said in the word of De Maistre that – "The great fault in women is to desire to be like men".

It is irony of our country's fate that we are unable to understand that - “injustice anywhere is threat to justice everywhere”. Even from time immemorial in our manusmriti it is quoted that - In Hindu society, women always lives in the protection of another. Thus her liberty is always violated. During her maidenhood, she is protected by her father, during her converture by her husband and during widowhood by her son. There is a yawning gap between the theoretical and practical status of woman in our society.

Despite numerous efforts regarding women empowerment and her protection from crimes we are not able to cope up with the present pathetic condition of women. The pace of empowerment is very slow which needs to be accelerated. This could be done through disseminating information about issues related to her development, fast and speedily trials of cases, delivering and executing decisions by courts on time to attain complete justice.

The slew of legislative acts currently in operation are mostly on paper. The grim relating is that the nation which passive a law at the drop of a hat is seldom governed by the law. That the Nation is best governed which has minimum of law! The Indian political system collective psyche has always suffered from paralyzing syndrome flog a problem out by taking log about it by making a law! This is not a correct approach. The laws are sufficient now, the only thing our country need is 'To watch the watchman' i.e. ... awareness, proper execution and implementation . Then that day is not far when Indian women will catch up with their western counterparts and regain their honourable status which they enjoyed in the distant past and satyug. People should also realize that - It is man who makes houses, but a woman makes homes.

Going through the present condition of a woman, the enlightened citizens could only pray to God that –


"God please give her courage'
to change the things
which she can change...
God give her power
to tolerate the things
which she cannot change!!
And, God give her wisdom
to differentiate between those two.”

SC allows Mumbai woman to terminate 24-week pregnancy due to life risk:
An ultrasound scan had revealed that the foetus had a serious defect. The Supreme Court on Monday allowed a 22-year-old woman from Dombivali to abort her 24-week foetus on medical grounds. The court had ordered a panel of doctors at the civic-run KEM Hospital to re-examine the case and submit a report after the woman moved the court last week.

The  author can be reached at: swativyas@legalserviceindia.com

1 2 3 4 5
Rate this article!     Poor

Most viewed articles in Woman Issues category
• Crime Against Women & its Impact on Them
• Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s Role In Women Empowerment
• Marital Rape versus Conjugal Right
• Sec. 498A I.P.C.- Its Use and Misuse
• The Role of Education Sector in Removing Gender Inequality
• Women Society
• The Socio-Economic Status of Women in India Ancient to Modern Era
• Live-in Relationships
• Extent to which immoral trafficking is addressed
• Gender Justice and Indian Labour
• Protection Against Sexual Harassment Of Women In India --- A Human Right Perspective
• Sexual Harassment at Workplace
• Women empowerment: With Special Reference to Constitutional Provisions
• Women Protection and Changing Laws
• Judicial Activism in the Area of Women Empowerment
• Right of Women to Terminate Pregnancy
Most recent articles in Woman Issues category
• Marital Rape
• The Struggle for Human Rights Plight of Muslim Women
• Problems And Issues of Surrogate Mother and Her Child
• Women Participation in Democratic Government :- Issues and Challenges
• Maternity benefit period and creche
• Sociological, political, moral and legal implications of surrogacy
• Journey of Women Empowerment
• Gandhis contribution in Women empowerment
• Women Empowerment- How Empowered Are We
• Women Safety in an Insecure World
• Formation of Special Courts in Rape Cases for Speedy Trial
• Women empowerment: With Special Reference to Constitutional Provisions
• Sex Determination and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Technique Act of 1994
• Women Empowerment in India: Discussing Liberal Feminism and Legal Interventions
• Succumbing To Feminism
• The Socio-Economic Status of Women in India Ancient to Modern Era

Article Comments

Posted by himanshu jain on September 19, 2014
Excellent article on status of women in India.

Please login or register a new free account.

Random Pick
This articles simplifies the procedure for winding up a Private Limited Company laid down under the amended Companies Act, 2013

» Total Articles
» Total Authors
» Total Views
» Total categories

Law Forum

Legal Articles

Lawyers in India- Click on a link below for legal Services

lawyers in Chennai
lawyers in Bangalore
lawyers in Hyderabad
lawyers in Cochin
lawyers in Pondicherry
lawyers in Guwahati
lawyers in Nashik

lawyers in Jaipur
lawyers in New Delhi
lawyers in Dimapur
lawyers in Agra
Noida lawyers
lawyers in Siliguri

For Mutual consent Divorce in Delhi

Ph no: 9650499965
For online Copyright Registration

Ph no: 9891244487
Law Articles

lawyers in Delhi
lawyers in Chandigarh
lawyers in Allahabad
lawyers in Lucknow
lawyers in Jodhpur
Faridabad lawyers

lawyers in Mumbai
lawyers in Pune
lawyers in Nagpur
lawyers in Ahmedabad
lawyers in Surat
Ghaziabad lawyers

lawyers in Kolkata
lawyers in Janjgir
lawyers in Rajkot
lawyers in Indore
lawyers in Ludhiana
Gurgaon lawyers


India's Most Trusted Online law library
Legal Services India is Copyrighted under the Registrar of Copyright Act ( Govt of India) © 2000-2017
 ISBN No: 978-81-928510-1-3