Home       Top Rated       Submit Article     Advanced Search     FAQ       Contact Us       Lawyers in India       Law Forum     RSS Feeds     

Register your Copyright Online

We offer copyright registration right from your desktop click here for details.

Latest Articles | Articles 2014 | Articles 2013 | Articles 2012 | Articles 2011 | Articles 2010 | Articles 2009 | Articles 2008 | Articles 2007 | Articles 2006 | Articles 2000-05

Search On:Laws in IndiaLawyers Search

Mutual Consent Divorce in Delhi
We provide fast, cost effective and Hassle free solution.
Contact us at Ph no: 9650499965 (Divorce Law Firm Delhi)
File Caveat in Supreme Court
Contact Ph no: +9650499965

Main Categories
 Accident Law
 Animal Laws
 Arbitration
 Aviation Law
 Bangladesh Law
 Banking and Finance laws
 Case Laws
 Civil Laws
 Company Law
 Constitutional Law
 Consumer laws
 Contracts laws
 Criminal law
 Drug laws
 Dubai laws
 Educational laws
 Employment / Labour laws
 Environmental Law
 family law
 Gay laws and Third Gender
 Human Rights laws
 Immigration laws
 Insurance / Accident Claim
 Intellectual Property
 International Law
 Juvenile Laws
 Law - lawyers & legal Profession
 Legal Aid and Lok Adalat
 Legal outsourcing
 Media laws
 Medico legal
 Miscellaneous
 Real estate laws
 Right To Information
 Tax Laws
 Torts Law
 Woman Issues
 Workplace Equality & Non-Discrimination
 Yet Another Category

More Options
 Most read articles
 Most rated articles

Subscription
Subscribe now and receive free articles and updates instantly.

Name
Email




Published : August 19, 2017 | Author : LAVANYA
Category : Miscellaneous | Total Views : 178 | Unrated

  
LAVANYA
Student at Saveetha School of Law
 

The Concept of Framing – An Analysis

In recent years, internet in India has evolved such that users who used to be primarily information seekers have now started to create a web identity via expression. There has been significant growth in community content driven services like wikis, blogs etc. in India. As the Internet spins a web of inter connectivity around the globe, as it grows literally by the hour, India is struggling, not to catch up but to keep from falling further and further behind. With increasing use of the internet for numerous human activities, the role of law vis-à-vis such activities has always been a hot topic of debate.

Technology of Framing:
Web browsers allow web authors to divide pages into “frames”. A frame is an independently controllable window on a website through which pages from another website can be viewed. Since it is possible for a site to call a frame’s contents from a different location, a programmer might frame another’s web content beneath his own navigation or banners. This allows him to use creative content owned by another entity to sell banner advertising on its on site. A typical use of frames is to have one frame containing a selection menu and another frame that contains the space where the selected (linked to) files appear.

“Framing” is the process of enabling and allowing a user to view the substances and contents of one website while it is framed by data from another site, similar to the “picture-in-picture” highlight feature offered on some televisions. This may generate a dispute under copyright and trademark law theories.

In creating a Web site, frames is the use of multiple, independently controllable sections on a Web presentation. This effect is achieved by building each section as a separate HTML file and having one “master” HTML file identify all of the sections.

Frames, originally created by Netscape (introduced in 1996) as an HTML extension and is now a common technology used on many web pages, but sometimes it can lead to legal problems for those who use it.

Example: John starts a site devoted to auto racing news called John’s RacingVision. He offers a number of links to racing industry Web magazines like Autosport, whose content he displays within a frame on his site. When users click on “Read Autosport News,” for example, the content from the Autosport site is displayed within John’s RacingVision website, in a frame. When the user reads Autosport’s news, the user’s computer is still connected to John’s website, not Autosport’s.

Framing is generally unpopular with websites whose content is framed on another site (unless they have agreed to it). Websites that frame the content of other sites are often seen as stealing the other site’s content.

While case law hasn’t developed definitive rules on the issue, a framer is more likely to be found liable for copyright (or trademark) infringement if copyrighted material is modified without authorization or if customers are confused about the association between the two sites or the source of a product or service.

Effects of Framing:
Ø One can see a framed site, but the browser’s computer does not change the address. It continues to display the address of initial site. This may confuse some casual internet users.

Ø The advertisements appearing on a framed site must co-exist with the ads displayed on the borders of the initial site thereby changing the visual impact of the ads on the framed site.

Ø It changes the way the framed site intends its materials to appear. This may involve a copyright violation.

Ø There may be a trademark violation of the framed site as it is shown on the site of the initial site.

The Web Paradox of Frames: The web was built as a system of addressable resources (naturally of information) that identifies each resource can by a unique URL. Frames breaks this design since now many resources are grouped together under one URL (the frameset URL), but only one resource can be shown (typically the default page defined in the frameset).

Bookmarking: Visitors expect to bookmark the exact data on a page. But the frameset gets bookmarked instead so when users follow this bookmark they then have to hunt for the relevant page every time. This is the drawback of breaking the Web guideline of a one-to-one mapping between URLs and resources.

Search engines: Search engines have problems with framed websites because of the frames paradox. This results in unframed pages being indexed and linked to, so typically the user sees the first page without the frameset, and typically without navigation (known as blackhole pages). By adding navigation links to the content, the developer has lost the advantage of separating content from presentation and navigation.

Content and Presentation Separation: The issue of framed websites are easier to maintain is ludicrous, since to keep up with non-framed sites the developer will have to duplicate the menu (something frames was supposed to prevent), then creating framesets for every combination of content/banner/navigation so the pages are bookmarkable (thus losing out on the maintainability argument). Since the reason for using frames in this instance was to only have one copy of the navigation bar.




1 2 3 4 5
Rate this article!     Poor
Excellent    

Most viewed articles in Miscellaneous category
Indian Partnership Act,1932
Law on Parking Spaces
Shops & Establishment Act of Punjab & Haryana
Role Of Election Commission
Restrictive & Extensive Definitions
Judicial Review in India And USA
Doctrine of Permissible Limits Under Delegated Legislation
Tribal Laws & Customs in India
Conversion and Reservation: Christian Dalits and the obstacles to social mobility
Enabling Statute: Rules of Interpretation
Is Poverty A Cause of Corruption
Whistleblowers and their Protection in India
Factory in The Factories act,1948
Indian Legal Metrology System
Land Reforms & Duty Of State
Administrative law
Most recent articles in Miscellaneous category
Draconian law of section 377 IPC
Justice As Fairness
No, Trade secrets are no alternative to Patent protection
Protection of minority shareholders in a company under companies Act, 2013
Money Laundering Evolution, Means of Committing and Fight Against
Controversial Sections of the Indian Penal Code
Procedure in case of Corporate Debtor under Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016
Expanding Horizon of Freedom of Speech And Expression
Delegated Legislation Development and Parliamentary Control
Character of Person Is Shaped By Religion He Practice
What is Article 35-A of the Constitution of India
Death Penalty in India
Priority Sector Lending In India
lay-off, retrenchment and closure under Industrial Disputes Act
Outcaste, Oppressed And Ostracized: The Transgender Persons In India
The Concept of Framing

Article Comments

there are no comments...


Welcome!
Please login or register a new free account.

Random Pick
Ras Al Khaimah Free Trade Zone (RAK FTZ) is a free zone based in RAK and was established in 2001. The free zone has over 5,000 companies as its members cover various fields and economic activities.

Statistics
» Total Articles
1549
» Total Authors
4639
» Total Views
20638880
» Total categories
42

Law Forum


Legal Articles

Lawyers in India- Click on a link below for legal Services

lawyers in Chennai
lawyers in Bangalore
lawyers in Hyderabad
lawyers in Cochin
lawyers in Pondicherry
lawyers in Guwahati
lawyers in Nashik

lawyers in Jaipur
lawyers in New Delhi
lawyers in Dimapur
lawyers in Agra
Noida lawyers
lawyers in Siliguri

For Mutual consent Divorce in Delhi

Ph no: 9650499965
For online Copyright Registration

Ph no: 9891244487
Law Articles

lawyers in Delhi
lawyers in Chandigarh
lawyers in Allahabad
lawyers in Lucknow
lawyers in Jodhpur
Faridabad lawyers

lawyers in Mumbai
lawyers in Pune
lawyers in Nagpur
lawyers in Ahmedabad
lawyers in Surat
Ghaziabad lawyers

lawyers in Kolkata
lawyers in Janjgir
lawyers in Rajkot
lawyers in Indore
lawyers in Ludhiana
Gurgaon lawyers

TOP

India's Most Trusted Online law library
Legal Services India is Copyrighted under the Registrar of Copyright Act ( Govt of India) 2000-2017
 ISBN No: 978-81-928510-1-3